The Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia
The United Nations is committed to working with the Government of Indonesia to building a nation that is prosperous, democratic, and just, where development benefits all people, and where the rights of future generations are protected. True to the promise of the SDGs to “leave no one behind”, the UN’s approach combines a strong focus on the poorest of the poor, combatting discrimination and rising inequalities and addressing their root causes. “Leaving no one behind” means prioritising people’s dignity and placing the progress of the most marginalised and vulnerable communities first. This central and transformative promise has become more important than ever to address the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and work towards a sustainable, resilient, and inclusive recovery.
01 August 2022
UN in Indonesia Newsletter Volume 5 2022
Dear readers, Welcome to our latest edition. Our world faces multilayered challenges: climate change, COVID-19, complex conflicts, and rising inflation. We have seen COVID-19 cases multiplying in Indonesia in recent months, at the same time as the war in Ukraine has disrupted food security and inflation is skyrocketing. Globally, there is sufficient food, energy, and finance for every country to make it through the interconnected crises created by this war. Still, profound inequalities and distribution and logistics problems are causing millions of people to suffer needlessly. Solving these crises calls for coordinated action across the board. On July 22, the UN helped foster Ukraine and Russia’s deal to resume Ukrainian grain exports via the Black Sea that UN Secretary-General António Guterres called “a beacon of hope” in a world that desperately needs it. Earlier this year, the Secretary-General formed a group of champions comprised of six eminent world leaders – including President Joko Widodo – as part of the Global Crisis Response Group (GCRG) for immediate action to avert the looming crisis. The Champions are charged with advancing a global consensus on measures to prevent, mitigate and respond to the crisis. This week’s newsletter edition contains a profile of GCRG and its four urgent areas of action. There are also highlights from UN agencies in Indonesia’s efforts to fast-track recovery from COVID-19. For example, UNICEF is calling for urgent action to address the learning crisis as Indonesian children return to school. Meanwhile, ILO joined forces with the hospitality industry to mainstream COVID-19 risk assessment services. This will help businesses including hotels to implement action plans that minimise the risks of virus transmission in the workplace. We hope the work highlighted in this edition serves as an inspiration for us to work together and empower those who are at risk from these crises while leaving no one behind. Thank you, and happy reading.
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27 April 2022
United Nations in Indonesia Country Results Report 2021
This report highlights the cordial relationship between the Government of Indonesia and the United Nations System in working together to advance Indonesia’s development agenda and priorities, particularly the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 and Indonesia’s National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024. The Report includes the progress and accomplishments to deliver four outcomes of the UNSDCF 2021-2025: (i) Inclusive Human Development; (ii) Economic Transformation; (iii) Green Development, Climate Change and Natural Disasters; and (iv) Innovation to Accelerate Progress towards the SDGs.
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01 August 2022
World Breastfeeding Week: UNICEF and WHO Urge Greater Support for Breastfeeding in Indonesia as Rates Decline During COVID-19
Jakarta, 1 August 2022 – As World Breastfeeding Week begins today, UNICEF and WHO are urging the government and partners in Indonesia to support mothers with early, exclusive and continued breastfeeding amid a decline in breastfeeding rates during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to data from the 2021 National Basic Health Research Survey (RISKESDAS), 52.5 per cent – or only half of 2.3 million infants of less than six months of age – are exclusively breastfed in Indonesia, representing a 12 per cent decline from 2019. The early initiation of breastfeeding rate also decreased from 58.2 per cent in 2019 to 48.6 per cent in 2021. Early and exclusive breastfeeding is crucial to child survival and protects children against childhood malnutrition as well as many common and life-threatening illnesses such as diarrhoea and pneumonia. Growing evidence shows that breastfed children perform better on intelligence tests, are less likely to be obese or overweight, and are less prone to diabetes later in life. Increasing breastfeeding globally could save more than 820 000 children each year and prevent an additional 20 000 cases of breast cancer in women annually. Breastfeeding is even more critical now as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has strained the health system in Indonesia, making counselling and skilled lactation support far less accessible. A national survey by the Ministry of Health with support from UNICEF in 2021 found that less than 50 per cent of mothers and caregivers of children under the age of two received breastfeeding counselling during the pandemic. The situation has been worsened by ongoing practices of inappropriate marketing of breastmilk substitutes. “Optimal breastfeeding practices are key to reduce stunting in children less than five years of age, to achieve the global and national target of reducing stunting by 40 per cent. Early initiation and continuation of exclusive breastfeeding for six months provides protection against gastrointestinal infections and necessary nutrients to prevent stunting," said WHO Representative Dr N. Paranietharan. “Continued breastfeeding after six months up to two years along with complimentary feeding is the most adequate and safest way to prevent growth faltering and ensure cognitive development in this critical phase of life," he said. “Breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to safeguard child and maternal health and provides all children with the best start in life," said Acting UNICEF Representative Robert Gass. “Amid the global pandemic, it is essential that all stakeholders continue to protect, promote and support breastfeeding, which is a proven life-saving strategy and the foundation for a healthy, smart and productive society." In line with this year’s theme for World Breastfeeding Week, Set Up for Breastfeeding: Educate and Support, WHO and UNICEF are calling for greater efforts from a range of stakeholders – including government at national and sub-national level, policy makers across various sectors, media entities and communities – to support mothers to continue optimal breastfeeding practices and scale up investments needed to promote and protect breastfeeding. These include: Making counselling available to all mothers and caregivers of children under the age of two through both face-to-face and digital platforms. Revitalizing and scaling up the implementation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding at all levels of the health system that provide maternity and newborn services. Strengthening the implementation and monitoring of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes. UNICEF and WHO remain committed to support the government in protecting, promoting and supporting optimum breastfeeding practices by sharing tools and resources to help adopt the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding, strengthening the country’s capacity to scale up access to quality breastfeeding counselling services, and generating evidence to foster stronger measures against inappropriate marketing of breast-milk substitutes. During the pandemic, UNICEF and WHO encourage mothers with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and who are isolated at home to continue breastfeeding and practice skin-to-skin contact with necessary hygiene precautions during feeding. Mothers also need to be supported to continue breastfeeding if their infant or young child becomes sick with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 or any other illness.
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27 July 2022
KOICA and UNOPS Partner to Strengthen Indonesia’s COVID-19 Response
The Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), in partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), supported the Indonesian Ministry of Transportation in strengthening COVID-19 prevention measures in railway facilities across the country. Since 14 December 2021, KOICA and UNOPS have been working to support the Government of Indonesia’s Ministry of Transportation and the Jakarta Light Rail Transit (LRT), through the procurement of hygiene materials concerning railways safety, public health items for mass transportation, and audit and safety inspection equipment, to respond to the logistical and transportation challenges created by the spread of COVID-19 in the country. The handover event - held at Hotel Harris in Bekasi on 26 July 2022 - marked the official delivery of all project items to the Ministry of Transportation. Attended by Dr. Edi Nur Salam, Director of Railway Safety for the Republic of Indonesia and Yun Gil Jeong, Country Director for KOICA Indonesia and others, the event included speeches by Dr. Edi Nur Salam and Yun Gil Jeong, as well as singing Indonesia Raya, prayers and the symbolic delivery of the KOICA Grant in the form of Safety Inspection Equipment, Occupational Health Equipment, and Health Equipment for train stations. Project Impact: Aimed at strengthening the COVID-19 response capacity of both LRT stations in Jakarta and railway facilities around the country, the project has sought to improve hygienic conditions for the public, and enable a safer working environment for Transportation Government Staff through the delivery of COVID-19 prevention items. The distributed items - which included Air Filtration Systems, Air Purifier Masks, Thermal Scanner Equipment, Oxygen Concentrators, and UV Light Sterilizers for escalators - are set to ensure early detection of cases, disinfect surfaces and limit the spread of infection through close contact; thereby minimizing the risks of possible transmission of the virus in stations. The new installations are expected to enhance the safety and support the work of 6,000 Transportation Government Staff, in addition to the estimated 315,075 passengers using LRT services every day. With $660,000 in funding, the project represents Phase 2 of the Joint Partnership between KOICA and UNOPS, building on the previous work of Phase 1 that sought to support Indonesia’s Ministry of Transportation and Ministry of Health and the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) strengthen the country’s health infrastructure systems by equipping hospitals with medical equipment and medical supplies for COVID-19 patients. Through the procurement of N95 masks, PCR machines, testing kits, and more, Phase 1 was instrumental in helping the Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Health, and BNPB in strengthening the health preparedness and COVID-19 response of the healthcare system in Indonesia, and effectively and timely prevent and treat COVID-19 cases. Speaking about the project: Mr. Yun Gil Jeong, KOICA Indonesia Country Director, said: “the donation of the distributed items is expected to strengthen the partnership of both countries by improving the hygiene of LRT and mass transportation in Indonesia. KOICA has a commitment to continue supporting the government of Indonesia in fighting the spread of Covid-19 in the LRT, in the train, and in the stations. “ Ms. Samina Kadwani, UNOPS Director for Indonesia, Thailand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific, said: “UNOPS, in partnership with the Korean International Cooperation Agency, is proud to contribute to the strengthening of public health systems in Indonesia through the efficient delivery of health and hygiene items that will protect both passengers and workers of railway facilities across the country. “ Mr. Zulfikri, Director General of Railways, said: “The Ministry of Transportation greatly appreciates the donation from KOICA and for sure, it will give high benefits for all passengers of mass transportation in Indonesia. We are thankful to KOICA for choosing the Ministry of Transportation as the partner of this grant.” ENDS Notes to the editors: Photos of the project can be found here - credit: @UNOPS/KOICA Press contact details: KOICA: For media inquiries, please contact: Dian Mardiana, Program Manager (email@example.com) UNOPS: For media inquiries, please contact: Ffion Conlon, Communications and Partnerships Officer (firstname.lastname@example.org) About KOICA: KOICA was established as a governmental agency of the Republic of Korea under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1991. It implements Korea's grant aid and technical cooperation programs for inclusive and sustainable development of partner countries. Main areas of operations include education, health, rural development, public administration, and technology environment and energy. KOICA manages its ODA programs through its country offices in 44 partner countries. Read more: http://www.koica.go.kr About UNOPS: UNOPS mission is to help people build better lives and countries achieve peace and sustainable development. We help the United Nations, governments and other partners to manage projects, and deliver sustainable infrastructure and procurement in an efficient way. We respond to our partner’s needs in the world’s most challenging environments, by combining the best of the UN and the private sector, as we build foundations for countries to achieve sustainable development. Read more: www.unops.org
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08 July 2022
Video Message by António Guterres to G20 Foreign Ministers “Strengthening Multilateralism"
Excellencies, This G-20 meeting comes at an extremely challenging moment for multilateralism and global governance. The international order is at risk of coming apart at the seams. The climate crisis is close to the point of no return. The COVID-19 pandemic has killed millions; hunger and poverty are rising; years of development gains are being lost. A multi-faceted war is raging in the heart of Europe, in violation of the United Nations Charter. New and evolving forms of conflict, including in cyberspace, require multilateral solutions and frameworks that do not yet exist. Our unequal global financial system, designed by rich and powerful countries, is failing the developing world. Poorer countries pay much higher borrowing costs than developed countries – and their economies are downgraded when they consider restructuring their debt or applying for debt relief. Meanwhile, unequal access to vaccines has prolonged the COVID-19 pandemic, contributing to continued suffering and death. Excellencies, Strengthening multilateralism – the theme of this session – is not a choice, but a necessity. It is the only way to avoid widespread food shortages, deepening climate chaos, and a wave of poverty and destitution that will leave no country untouched. I see three areas for urgent multilateral action: The growing climate emergency; the food, energy and finance crisis; and the unequal recovery from the pandemic. --- The climate crisis is our number one emergency. The battle to keep the 1.5-degree goal alive will be won or lost by 2030. You represent the major economies – and 80 percent of global emissions. The responsibility for preventing the worst impacts of the climate crisis rests largely on your shoulders. Science tells us that global emissions need to decline by 45 percent below 2010 levels by 2030, to keep 1.5 degrees goal alive. But current national climate pledges would result in an increase in emissions of 14 percent by 2030. This is collective suicide. We need a renewable energy revolution. Ending the global addiction to fossil fuels is priority number one. No new coal plants. No expansion in oil and gas exploration. I have appealed for the creation of [coalitions] around emerging economies to provide financial and technical support, as they accelerate the transition to renewable energy. Important progress is being made – but much more is needed on all fronts. Emerging economies must have access to the resources and technology they need. Wealthier countries must finally make good on the $100 billion climate finance commitment to developing countries, starting this year. We also need a radical boost for adaptation and early warning systems. And access and eligibility frameworks must be reviewed, so developing countries, including middle-income countries, can get the finance they need on time. Excellencies, Second, the food, energy and finance crisis. Around the world, the war in Ukraine is amplifying other crises and threatening to unleash social and economic devastation. Food prices are at near-record highs. Fertilizer prices have more than doubled. There is a real risk of multiple famines this year. Next year could be even worse. Without fertilizers, shortages could spread from corn and wheat to all staple crops including rice, with a devastating impact on billions of people. Meanwhile, record high energy prices are already triggering blackouts and fuel shortages. We need to work together to bring stability to global food and energy markets and support developing economies. Ukraine's food production, and the food and fertilizer produced by Russia, must be brought back into world markets -- despite the war. We are working to find a plan that allows for the safe and secure export of Ukrainian-produced food through the Black Sea, and unimpeded access to global markets for Russian food and fertilizers. We have been coordinating closely with all parties, including many of your governments. I thank you for your continued cooperation. But even as we try to increase supplies, we need to make resources and fiscal space available now for the poorest countries and communities. The global financial system must use all the instruments at its disposal, with flexibility and understanding, to achieve this. Excellencies, There is no solution to this finance crisis without a solution to the ongoing crisis of economic inequality in the developing world. Which brings me to my third area for urgent multilateral action: the unequal recovery. Many developing countries have suffered devastating economic losses during the pandemic, but cannot access finance for the recovery. We need a New Global Deal to rebalance power and financial resources, and enable developing countries to invest in the Sustainable Development Goals. The international debt architecture requires urgent reform. We need an operational debt relief and restructuring framework that takes account of vulnerability. We must also consider changes to credit ratings and the issuance of Special Drawing Rights. And we need a serious effort to increase the number of countries that can produce Covid-19 vaccines, therapies and tests, by sharing licenses and providing technical and financial support. Excellencies, Our complex and interconnected world requires a multilateralism that is more effective, more networked, and more inclusive. We need to combine the strengths of existing institutions to deliver together on humanity’s most pressing challenges. I have put forward a number of ideas in my report “Our Common Agenda”. One example: I have proposed Biennial Summits to bring together the G20, the Economic and Social Council of the UN, the international financial institutions, and my office as Secretary-General, to work towards a more sustainable, inclusive and resilient global economy. We are working closely with Member States to bring this, and many other recommendations from Our Common Agenda, to fruition. I thank G20 members for your support and contributions. Strengthening multilateralism is the only sustainable path to a peaceful, stable, prosperous world for all. The United Nations was founded on these aspirations. And the G20, representing 80 percent of global economic power, can make them a reality. Thank you.
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25 August 2022
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